How to Invest in Private Equity Opportunities

private equity

If you qualify as an accredited investor and possess sufficient capital, acting as a limited partner could open doors to private equity investments with major firms like The Carlyle Group, Blackstone or CVC Capital Partners.

Private equity managers rely on their extensive expertise in investment banking and strategy consulting to identify businesses with room for improvement, and acquire it before making enhancements and selling it on at a profit.

Leveraged Buyouts

LBOs (leveraged buyouts) allow private equity firms to acquire public and private companies using little to no cash and mostly leveraging debt for consideration. Leveraging debt allows PE firms to meet their return targets while placing priority debt securities higher up the capital structure and making tax-deductible interest payments possible.

EBITDA growth, multiple expansion, and operational improvements are the three cornerstones of value creation in a leveraged buyout. These efforts typically include identifying inefficiencies in the company’s margin profile or pricing power or driving revenue via new product launches; stable cash flows must also be maintained in order to cover interest expense and repay principal quickly – mature companies with long-term customer contracts often make good targets for acquisition through this method.


Restructuring seeks to make business processes more efficient, from surface level adjustments such as splitting, merging or dissolving business sectors to deep financial refurbishments such as decreasing company funds or improving employee productivity. 

Critics have raised concerns that such operational improvements can enable private equity firms to achieve high exit multiples even during difficult market conditions, but some believe these tactics may result in layoffs and furloughs for employees as well as degraded services for customers.

One approach for private equity firms to create additional value is through their buy and build strategy, whereby they acquire complementary businesses to increase the footprint or capabilities of their portfolio. This type of value creation can quickly transform local players into regional or even global powerhouses, especially when coupled with long-term holding periods and significant financial leverage to mitigate downside risks – one reason they hold onto investments for such lengthy durations.

Growth Strategies

Private equity firms specialize in finding opportunities to add additional value in their investments. For instance, they might expand a business by purchasing other companies and merging them. A home warranty company like would be able to work with a constructor. Such a mix is always beneficial. 

Private equity firms are also well known for their financial control skills that focus on improving cash flow and margins quickly – often more quickly than public companies which typically must meet government regulations or generate consistent earnings for shareholders.

However, this approach has its detractors. One prominent critic is U.S. Sen. Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts Democrat party. Warren contends that leveraged buyouts and growth strategies used by PE firms often have negative repercussions for workers, whether nurses mustering limited supplies due to less funding from PE firms; apartment residents paying higher rent; fishing crews seeing their earnings curbed due to higher operating costs; PE firms receiving management fees as well as “carried interest” fees when selling companies fuel this criticism further.

Secondary Transactions

The secondary market offers investors an opportunity to generate additional value by purchasing existing interests in private equity funds. Transactions can take various forms; buyers could purchase direct investments from another investor seeking liquidity (called direct interest purchase), or acquire limited partnership interests in new funds created specifically to hold portfolios of direct investments (“fund commitment purchase”).

LPs have rapidly adopted the GP-led secondary transaction market as they seek to reduce the number of general partner relationships, meet regulatory mandates that call for reduced private market exposure or adjust shifting allocation mandates. Intermediaries provide services that assist both buyers and sellers identify opportunities, price portfolios accurately, manage data rooms/NDAs effectively and negotiate offers.

Due to macroeconomic instability involving inflation, interest rates, and tightening central bank policies, institutions and high net worth individuals alike may seek diversification in their portfolios – often comprising only a fraction of total invested capital. They may consider adding private market assets as diversifiers.